Karate (karatedo) is arguably the most famous Japanese martial art. Karate training focuses on developing defensive and counterattacking body movements. While fighting and self-defense are key components of traditional karate training, the mental and moral aspects aim to improve the individual as a whole through discipline and persistent effort. A core principle of karate is never to attack first, as emphasized by Funakoshi Gichin, considered the father of modern karate. The term karate comes from the combination of two Chinese characters, “kara” and “te”, meaning empty hand. Sometimes the suffix "-do" is added, meaning "the way/path," of karate, and like all other budo disciplines, represents a complete way of life that extends beyond self-defence. In traditional karatedo, individuals strive to compete and excel against themselves. Karateka are taught the importance of not hurting people, and to be respectful of opponents and training partners. This respect ideally extends beyond the confines of the dojo or arena. Practitioners also learn perseverance, and the value of making efforts to improve their immediate surrounds. Concern and appreciation for others, and a sense of responsibility to society are fundamental components to karatedo’s goal of self-perfection.