Judo was founded by Kano Jigoro in 1882. After studying various styles of jujutsu, Kano created a rational system of techniques centred on the principle of destabilising the opponent (kuzushi). The techniques of judo involve holds, locks, and throws, and are arranged in a way that judoka can train and compete in matches without fear of injury. Kano believed that learning these techniques was not just about physical training but was also a means of personal growth and development. Accordingly, Kano named his style “judo”, meaning the “gentle way”. Thus, the ultimate aim of practising judo is to develop both the body and mind to their full potential, so that individuals could make positive contributions to society, in line with Kano’s mottos of “maximum efficiency” and “mutual prosperity”.
Judo was recognised as an official Olympic sport and first appeared in the 1964 Games in Tokyo. Today, the International Judo Federation has 200 affiliated countries and regions worldwide.